1.1 The world is the totality of facts narratives, not of things.

1.11 The world is determined by the facts narratives, and by these being all the facts.

1.12 For the totality of facts narratives determines both what is the case, and also all that is not the case.

1.13 The facts narratives in logical space are the world.

1.2 The world divides into facts narratives camps.

1.21 Anyone can either be the case or not be the case, and everything else remain the same irrelevant.

2.0 What is the case, the fact narrative, is the existence of atomic facts narratives.

2.01 An atomic fact narrative is a combination of objects (entities, things).

2.011 It is essential to a thing that it can be a constituent part of an atomic fact narrative.

2.012 In logic nothing is accidental: if a thing thought can occur in an atomic fact narrative the possibility of that atomic fact narrative must already be prejudged in the thing thought.

2.0121 It would, so to speak, appear as an accident, when to a thing thought that could exist alone on its own account, subsequently a state of affairs could be made to fit. If things can occur in atomic facts narratives, this possibility must already lie in them. (A logical entity cannot be merely possible. Logic treats of every possibility, and all possibilities are its facts narratives.)

Just as we cannot think of spatial objects at all apart from space, or temporal objects apart from time, so we cannot think of any object apart from the possibility of its connexion with other things thoughts.

If I can think of an object in the context of an atomic fact narrative , I cannot think of it apart from the possibility of this context.

4.021 The proposition narrative is a picture of reality, for I know the state of affairs presented by it, if I understand the proposition narrative. And I understand the proposition narrative, without its sense having been explained to me.

4.022 The proposition narrative shows its sense. The proposition narrative shows how things stand, if it is true. And it says, that they do so stand.

4.023 The proposition narrative determines reality to this extent, that one only needs to say “Yes” or “No” to it to make it agree with reality. It must therefore be completely described by the proposition narrative. A proposition narrative is the description of a fact narrative. As the description of an object describes it by its external properties so propositions narratives describe reality by its internal properties.

The proposition narrative constructs a world with the help of a logical scaffolding, and therefore one can actually see in the proposition narrative all the logical features possessed by reality if it is true. One can draw conclusions from a false proposition narrative.

*with apologies to Ludwig Wittgenstein


Wittgenstein, Ludwig. 2009. Major Works. New York: HarperCollins Publishers.

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